Plant: Western Yarrow - Achillea millefolium

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The foliage is fern-like and makes for an attractive foliage in the garden. The white flowers attract butteflies. Easy to grow and drought resistant. This species is native to both Europe and North America. This is a native variety and is not aggressive like the most commercial varieties which are derived form the European variety.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Yellow Giant Hyssop - Agastache nepetoides

Family: Mint - Lamiaceae
This is a good specimen plant for shade or part shade. I've seen it get 8 feet tall, if growing in moist rich soil. Being a mint, it's very good at attracting various pollinators like bees. It has square stems and its flowering form is such that it branches out and up to form a candelabra shape. It has interesting form in the winter as it turns a deep brown. The plants are very sturdy and don't flop over. The flowers are white to cream in color.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
6.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Wet

Plant: White Snakeroot - Ageratina altissima

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This plant looks similar to ageratum. Its white flowers are very showy.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Big Bluestem - Andropogon gerardii

Family: Grass - Poaceae
This is the predominant grass of the tallgrass prairie. It's also known as turkey foot because looks like a three-toed turkey foot. It turns a nice orange color in the fall. Use this grass to create a prairie garden.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: Red Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis

Family: Buttercup - Ranunculaceae
This is the wild variety of columbine. It has smaller flowers than the cultivated forms. It also doesn't get as tall. It does well in shade and part shade. Hummingbirds are attracted to it. The flowers are a reddish pink.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: White Sage - Artemisia ludoviciana

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Grow this plant not for its flowers but for its interesting foliage. The plant spreads by underground stems known as rhizomes. It's not too aggressive though. The foliage has an interesting aroma and was used by native americans in smudge sticks. It is also the larval plant for the painted lady butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Canada Wild Ginger - Asarum canadense

Family: Birthwort - Aristolochiaceae
The plants only get about three inches tall and spread slowly over time. It is the perfect native shade ground cover.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.5
Plant Width (feet)
0.5
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
This is one of the best nectar plants to attract butterflies. It blooms profusely which helps to make it a good butterfly magnet. Monarch butterflies like it as a larval plant also. It does best is moist soil but tolerates medium soil.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Wet
 

Plant: Purple Milkweed - Asclepias purpurascens

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
This milkweed is so attractive. Being a milkweed it is a larval food for the Monarch butterfly. It does well in part sun. Likes well drained, loamy soil. Not a predictable seed producer.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Smooth Milkweed - Asclepias sullivantii

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
This milkweed has pretty pink blooms. The foliage is waxy smooth unlike common milkweed which is wooly. Grow this milkweed to provide food for monarch butterflies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
Common milkweed blooms profusely and the flowers have the sweetest smell. It tends to be more aggressive than some of the other milkweeds, but not excessively. It is best for a natural planting though. The young pods are edible if cooked. The stems produce fiber that can be used for making cordage or even paper. Being a milkweed it provides food for the larva of the Monarch butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
One of the few orange flowers in Kansas, this plant is an excellent choice for the home landscape. The plants are long lived and very showy. Provides food for the larva of the Monarch butterfly. This is the interior variety which has terminal flowers and bushier plants. Its a very drought tolerant plant. Not a predictable seed producer.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.5
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: Green Antelopehorn - Asclepias viridis

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
This is a nice low growing milkweed that is easy to grow. The large flowers let you see all of their details. Early host for the monarch butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Paw Paw - Asimina triloba

Family: Custard Apple - Annonaceae
I love its long leaves, small size, and edible fruit.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
15.0
Plant Width (feet)
8.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Drummond's Aster - Aster drummondii

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The perfect flower to grow in shade or part shade. It blooms profusely and should be grown in everyones yard. Asters are one of the best plants to attract butterflies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Smooth blue aster - Aster laevis

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The flowers of this aster are one of the biggest. It blooms profusely and asters are one of the best nectar plants for butterflies. It likes full sun but tolerates some shade. The foliage is a pretty blue-green. It is drought tolerant.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: New England Aster - Aster novae-angliae

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This aster has the largest blooms of all the asters offered. It likes moist soil for best performance. One of the last flowers to bloom in the fall, it is a great butterfly magnet.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Aromatic Aster - Aster oblongifolius

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
One of the shortest asters, it blooms profusely late in the fall. Like all asters, it attracts tons of butterflies. This aster does spread by underground stems but is not too aggressive.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.8
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Sky Blue Aster - Aster oolentangiensis

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Sky Blue Aster is one of the last of the flowers to bloom in the fall. They are important nectar sources for butterflies, especially the migrating Monarchs that need energy to make their trip to Mexico. This aster has pretty sky blue blooms.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Canada Milkvetch - Astragalus canadensis

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
This is one of the tallest milkvetches. It gets loads of whitish yellow upright flowers that mature into rattling seed pods. Good butterfly food plant for various skipper butterflies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: White Wild Indigo - Baptisia alba

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
These gorgeous plants have beautiful blue-green foliage, attractive white blossoms, and interesting black seed pods - giving them all season interest. They make good specimen plants and are long lived.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Bur Marigold - Bidens polylepis

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
One of the few prairie annuals, this plant blooms profusely. It's a good way to get instant color in a new planting. Its seeds do not stick to your clothing like some of its cousins.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Side-Oats Grama - Bouteloua curtipendula

Family: Grass - Poaceae
A showy smaller grass of the prairie. It's good for the home landscape because of its size and interesting seed heads. They dangle on the sides like oats, hence the name.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Purple Poppy Mallow - Callirhoe involucrata

Family: Mallow - Malvaceae
This drought tolerant plant produces attractive purple flowers in the spring. It grows low to the ground so works well where shorter flowers are wanted.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.5
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained
 

Plant: American Bellflower - Campanula americana

Family: Bellflower - Campanulaceae
A nice annual for shade to part sun areas. It blooms profusely with many flowers on each single stem. Great for producing flowers right away because it's an annual.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Maryland Senna - Cassia marilandica

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
One of the best plants for the home landscape. The foliage is a beautiful deep green. It gets showy yellow flowers. They are followed by seed pods that whorl around the stem. The pods turn black in fall making it interesting year round. It is a larval food plant for the sulphur butterflies. The plants are very sturdy and never flop over. It even tolerates some shade.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Partridge Pea - Chamaecrista fasciculata

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
A nice annual with lots of showy flowers.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Indian Woodoats - Chasmanthium latifolium

Family: Grass - Poaceae
Good grass for shade, but can be grown in full sun too. It is attractive in all seasons. Serves as a host plant for various skipper butterflies. Seeds provide food for birds and mammals.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
0.1
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginica

Family: Purslane - Portulacaceae
This is one of the earliest spring wildflowers. Under 6" in height, it works well in rock gardens.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.5
Plant Width (feet)
0.5
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Pitcher's Leather Flower - Clematis pitcheri

Family: Buttercup - Ranunculaceae
A very interesting vine that has bell shaped flowers. Gets the typical clematis seeds. Grow it on a trellis or fence. It dies back to the ground each year but regrows the next year. It is not aggressive like some clematis. Very drought hardy. Bumble bees love the flowers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
6.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: American Hazelnut - Corylus americana

Family: Birch - Betulaceae
One of the best shrubs for the home landscape. Attractive foliage as well as edible nuts. Catkins add winter interest. Has good fall color as well. For 2013 I only have two packets of seed.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Climbing Milkweed - Cynanchum laeve

Family: Milkweed - Asclepiadaceae
This vining herbaceous plant is a host plant for monarch butterflies. The flowers are excellent for pollinators as well. Pods add winter interest to the garden.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
10.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Roundhead Prairie Clover - Dalea multiflora

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
An excellent plant for dry rocky areas. It gets tons of round white flowers. Attractive foliage too.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.5
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Purple Prairie Clover - Dalea purpurea

Family: Bean - Fabaceae
Grows best in dry soil with no tall competition. Each plant gets a multitude of flowers. Has interesting foliage too.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.5
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Plains Larkspur - Delphinium virescens

Family: Buttercup - Ranunculaceae
With its delphinium like white blooms this is a very nice plant for the garden. It doesn't like much competition. After it blooms and sets seed it becomes dormant, but returns to growing in the fall and again in the spring.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
0.5
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: American Beakgrass - Diarrhena obovata

Family: Grass - Poaceae
The glossy leaves of this shade to part shade loving plant are very attractive. Its seeds are relatively large and make the heads of the plants droop. A gorgeous ornamental grass.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.5
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Deertongue Panicgrass - Dichanthelium clandestinum

Family: Grass - Poaceae
This grass has extra wide and extra short leaves. This makes for a most intersting ornamental grass.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Pale Coneflower - Echinacea pallida

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This is by far one of the showiest wildflowers and has long lasting blooms. As the flowers mature the blossoms tend to droop and lose their stiffness. Goldfinches relish the seeds. It is also a medicinal plant. The roots can be chewed on to relieve sore throats and to boost the immune system.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Canada Wildrye - Elymus canadensis

Family: Grass - Poaceae
An attractive cool season grass of the prairie. The seeds heads droop and have long awns. It looks a bit like a head of wheat.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Hairy Wild Rye - Elymus villosus

Family: Grass - Poaceae
Gorgeous native grass with drooping seed heads. Leaves feel like velvet due to the soft hairs. Does well in shade to full sun.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.5
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Philadelphia Fleabane - Erigeron philadelphicus

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This early spring flower is so attractive. Its hairlike petals and smaller stature make it a nice addition to your garden. It's not aggressive or weedy like annual fleabane.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Rattlesnake Master - Eryngium yuccifolium

Family: Parsley - Apiaceae
This has to be one of the coolest plants of the prairie. Its leaves are similar to a yuccas. Its flowering heads are unusual. And it turns an attractive brown in the fall and winter.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Eastern Wahoo - Euonymus atropurpureus

Family: Bittersweet - Celastraceae
Attractive all times of the year. Fall: red foliage, Winter: interesting red berries similar to bittersweet, Spring: maroon flowers, Summer: attractive foliage. The fruit is relished by birds. I've seen yellow-bellied sapsuckers, cardinals, robins, bluebirds, and cedar waxwings eating the fruit.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
6.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Tall Boneset - Eupatorium altissimum

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Boneset and Joepyes are in the same genus. Both are excellent butterfly magnets. Grow this boneset in full sun. It is drought tolerant.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Sweet Joe-Pye - Eupatorium purpureum

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Produces large headest of showy pink flowers. The foliage is interesting because it is whorled around the stem in groups of four. Being a Eupatorium it's an excellent butterfly magnet. I've seen three tiger swallowtails on one plant alone. This Joepye is better suited to Kansas climates that the typical Joepye sold in most nurserys.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Snow on the Mountain - Euphorbia marginata

Family: Spurge - Euphorbiaceae
An annual, so you get flowers the year you plant. Reseeds readily but is not aggressive. It's very attractive in the evening when the flowers seem to glow because of their white color.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
3.5
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Rose Verbena - Glandularia canadensis

Family: Vervain - Verbenaceae
This sweet smelling wildflower doesn't like competition. Will flower all season. Butterflies love this flower.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.5
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Sneezeweed - Helenium autumnale

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This is an excellent plant to grow in soggy moist soil. Excellent plant for pollinators such as bees and butterflies. Produces loads of yellow flowers in late summer. Does NOT make you sneeze as the name implies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.5
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Wet
 

Plant: Annual Sunflower - Helianthus annuus

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This is an important food for birds. Goldfinches especially relish the seeds. It also has the showiest and largest flowers of our native sunflowers. This is the state flower of Kansas.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
10.0
Plant Width (feet)
4.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Hairy Sunflower - Helianthus hirsutus

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This sunflower does well in part shade. It isn't as tall as our other wild sunflowers. Birds love the seeds. Spreads by underground stems but not aggressively.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Willow Leaf Sunflower - Helianthus salicifolius

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Grow this most amazing sunflower for its foliage. The leaves are very narrow and whorl around the stem. The tops of the plants look like mini fireworks. Plants tend to get tall in rich soil but can be trimmed back. Gets a typical yellow sunflower flower.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
7.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Jerusalem artichoke - Helianthus tuberosus

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Very aggressive sunflower that is perfect to compete with native grasses. Produces edible tubers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: False Sunflower - Heliopsis helianthoides

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Not a true sunflower but looks very similar. Goldfinches like to sit on the heads and pick off the petals to eat. Birds also like the seeds. Grows in part to full sun but does best in full sun.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Virginia Waterleaf - Hydrophyllum virginianum

Family: Waterleaf - Hydrophyllaceae
This is a must have plant for a shade garden. It has interesting foliage in the spring that looks like it was splashed with water. The blooms are a light blue color and are ball shaped. Plants may become dormant in the heat of summer but will return in the fall and spring.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Button Gayfeather - Liatris aspera

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This gayfeather gets buttons of flowers on the stem. It likes dry soil and even rocky soil. Butterflies & other pollinators love gayfeathers. It's an important nectar plant for migrating monarchs. Gayfeathers are one of the showiest flowers of the prairies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Thickspike Gayfeather - Liatris pycnostachya

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This tall gayfeather is a thick spike of flowers. It has the earliest bloom of the gayfeathers offered. Butterflies love this gayfeather and others.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Fringed Puccoon - Lithospermum incisum

Family: Borage - Boraginaceae
One of the prettiest wildflowers of the prairie. Puccoon is an Indian term for dye plant. The roots can be used as a natural dye. The pretty little yellow flowers have a fringed edge. Does not tolerate much competition. Perfect in a flower bed or a rock garden. Bees love this plant and any others in the Borage family.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.8
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis

Family: Bellflower - Campanulaceae
One of the few red flowering plants in Kansas. It needs consistently moist soil to do well. Works well in partial sun. A favorite of hummingbirds. Can be grown in containers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Wet

Plant: Desert Biscuitroot - Lomatium foeniculaceum

Family: Parsley - Apiaceae
The leaves taste like celery. The root can be used as a starch. It has pretty fern like foliage which hosts the black swallowtail butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.5
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Mint-leaf Beebalm - Monarda fistulosa

Family: Mint - Lamiaceae
The pink blooms are long lasting and attract bees and other native pollinators. The foliage can be made into tea. Everyone should grow this plant in their gardens because of its showiness and ease to grow.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Missouri evening primrose - Oenothera macrocarpa

Family: Evening Primrose - Onagraceae
The blooms are the largest flowers offered. Some are 6 inches in diameter. Although its a perenniel, it normally blooms the first year from seed. It also gets interesting four winged pods after the blooms. Very drought tolerant and an excellent plant for rockgardens and flowerbeds. Does not like competition.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.8
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Western Marbleseed - Onosmodium molle

Family: Borage - Boraginaceae
An unusual addition to the garden because of its foliage and unusual flowering form. It is very drought tolerant and doesn't like much competition. The seeds are white and hard as marbles! Bees love this plant and others in the Borage family.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Anise Root - Osmorhiza longistylis

Family: Parsley - Apiaceae
The perfect plant to grow in the shade and a bonus is its anise like odor of the foliage, seeds, and roots. I even found a bird nest built from the seed heads in my yard. The velvety appearance of spring foliage is quite handsome.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Ironwood - Ostrya virginiana

Family: Birch - Betulaceae
One of the hardest woods of our native trees. Seeds provide winter food for birds.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
18.0
Plant Width (feet)
10.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: Prairie Ragwort - Packera plattensis

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The yellow flowers are an intense golden yellow. A very good wildflower for the home garden. Foliage turns purple in the spring and fall. During the heat of summer the plant becomes dormant but will return with cooler weather. It's very drought tolerant.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.0
Plant Width (feet)
0.5
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Switchgrass - Panicum virgatum

Family: Grass - Poaceae
One of the dominant grasses of the tallgrass prairie. It produces seeds relished by birds. The foliage turns a gorgeous orange in the fall. Foliage ranges from green to blue-green.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Showy Beardtongue - Penstemon cobaea

Family: Figwort - Scrophulariaceae
With its large tubular flowers it attracts bumble bees. One of the showiest flowers of the prairies. Flourishes in dry rocky soil. It doesn't tolerate competition from other plants. It is a very drought tolerant wildflower.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Foxglove Beardtongue - Penstemon digitalis

Family: Figwort - Scrophulariaceae
Like all beardtongues, its a attracts native bees for pollinating. It gets oodles of showy white flowers. The foliage is a pretty green that often turns purple in the fall. A very showy flower for the garden.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Large-flower beardtongue - Penstemon grandiflorus

Family: Figwort - Scrophulariaceae
The large pink blooms are very attractive, as is its blue green waxy foliage. Does not like competition. A very drought tolerant wildflower. Likes well drained soil.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Blue Phlox - Phlox divaricata

Family: Phlox - Polemoniaceae
One of the best plants for shade. Gorgeous blue blooms.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Obedient Plant - Physostegia virginiana

Family: Mint - Lamiaceae
Called obedient plant because if you twist or turn a blossom, it will stay in that position. This is an excellent hummingbird attractant as well as a plant for bees.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Clammy-weed - Polanisia dodecandra

Family: Caper - Capparidaceae
Pollinators love this plant. I've never seen such variety and has the showiest flowers. It reseeds readily. The foliage smells just like green peppers!
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained
 

Plant: Virginia Knotweed - Polygonum virginianum

Family: Buckwheat - Polygonaceae
This shade loving plants has early spring flowers with purple splotches on them. When they flower they get many white flowers on the stem that have an interesting form.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Rough Rattlesnake Root - Prenanthes aspera

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
An unusual prairie flower with a tall spike of flowers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Choke Cherry - Prunus virginiana

Family: Rose - Rosaceae
THis is my favorite shrub. Beautiful at all times of the year.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
18.0
Plant Width (feet)
12.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Slender Mountain Mint - Pycnanthemum tenuifolium

Family: Mint - Lamiaceae
Showy white flowers make for a showy display. THe foliage has a delicious minty smell. The plants turn black upon maturity for more interest in the garden.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Prairie Coneflower - Ratibida columnifera

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
One of the easiest wildflowers to grow. Blooms profusely and the first year from seed.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Gray-headed Coneflower - Ratibida pinnata

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
An excellent wildflower for the garden with its plentiful blooms and long blooming period. An added bonus is the seed heads have a unique anise/mint odor.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Black Eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
An annual that will produce loads of blooms the first year of planting. It reseeds readily. Butterflies love to nectar at it. It is a host plant to the silvery checkerspot butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Annual
Plant Height (feet)
2.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Cutleaf Coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The leaves make for interesting foliage in the garden. The flowers attract goldfinches. Plant are strong and do not flop.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Prairie Petunia - Ruellia humilis

Family: Acanthus - Acanthaceae
A long lasting low growing wildflower that should be in all gardens. The flowers open in the early morning and last a day, but are replaced by more flowers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
0.8
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Blue Sage - Salvia azureus

Family: Mint - Lamiaceae
This is one of the few blue flowering plants of the prairie. Bees love this and other mints.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Little Bluestem - Schizachyrium scoparium

Family: Grass - Poaceae
Probably the best prairie grass for the landscape. Its smaller size makes it work well with many wildflowers Very attractive orange color in the fall. Attractive fluffy seed heads.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Drained

Plant: Starry Campion - Silene stellata

Family: Pink - Caryophyllaceae
A very attractive white flowering species that likes partial sun to full sun. It's delicate flowers really show off. It does not like dry conditions. Its foliage is interesting with leaves in whorls of four.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Wholeleaf Rosinweed - Silphium integrifolium

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Showy yellow flowers that are similar to sunflowers. One plant produces hundreds of blooms. The most floriferous of the Silphium genus. Competes well with native grasses. Excellent for prairie restorations.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Compass Plant - Silphium laciniatum

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
One of the biggest most robust plants of the prairie. Interesting giant palm shaped leaves. Deep roots make it very drought tolerant.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Cup Plant - Silphium perfoliatum

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
This cool plant has large leaves that form cups around the square stems of the plant. These cups hold water after it rains making good drinking spots for birds. The plants are very sturdy and do not flop.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Gray Goldenrod - Solidago nemoralis

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The best goldenrod for the garden. It doesn't spread aggressively. Its flowers are a bright golden yellow and attract butterflies in droves. Goldenrods do not cause allergies as they are not wind pollinated. Everyone should have this wildflower in their gardens.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
2.5
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium
 

Plant: Downy Goldenrod - Solidago petiolaris

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
The flowers of this goldenrod grow on a spike and are very showy. Goldenrods are one of the best butterfly attractants. This goldenrod does spread by underground stems but is not aggressive.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Stiff Goldenrod - Solidago rigida

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
A nice goldenrod for the garden, as it's not aggressive. Furthermore it has a flat topped bloom unlike other goldenrods. Monarchs love it. It's also very drought resistant.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Elmleaf Goldenrod - Solidago ulmifolia

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
For shade, this is the goldenrod to grow. It flowers on long spindley stalks. Not an aggressive goldenrod and attracts butterflies and other native pollinators.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Indiangrass - Sorghastrum nutans

Family: Grass - Poaceae
One of the showiest tall grasses of the prairie. The seeds heads turn a pretty yellow-orange.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist
 

Plant: Bladdernut - Staphylea trifolia

Family: Bladdernut - Staphyleaceae
This shrub is attractive in all seasons. Spring has showy flowers, summer has interesting balloon fruits, fall has gorgeous foliage, and winter has attractive branches.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
8.0
Plant Width (feet)
4.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Shade
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Ohio Spiderwort - Tradescantia ohiensis

Family: Spiderwort - Commelinaceae
This showy wildflower should be in everyones garden. It flowers for a long period and has attractive blue green foliage. Each flower lasts just one day but it just keeps producing more.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
1.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Gama Grass - Tripsacum dactyloides

Family: Grass - Poaceae
This giant grass iss a showy bunch grass that produces seeds as large as corn. The foliage looks nice.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
4.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Blue Verbena - Verbena hastata

Family: Vervain - Verbenaceae
This attractive wildflower grows best in moist sites. It produces a multitude of showy purple flowers.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
5.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Wet
 

Plant: Narrowleaf Verbena - Verbena simplex

Family: Vervain - Verbenaceae
A small verbena with showy flowers. Perfect for the border.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
1.0
Plant Width (feet)
0.5
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Woolly Verbena - Verbena stricta

Family: Vervain - Verbenaceae
Its long lasting blooms are perfect in a flower garden. Attracts butterflies and other pollinators.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Baldwin Ironweed - Vernonia baldwinii

Family: Aster - Asteraceae
Very hardy wildflower that does well in dry conditions. It blooms midsummer and attracts many butterflies and other pollinators to its blooms.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
2.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Medium

Plant: Culver's Root - Veronicastrum virginicum

Family: Figwort - Scrophulariaceae
The interesting flower heads are a favorite. Foliage is whorled around the stem. Attracts bees and butterflies.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
4.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Wet
 

Plant: Prickly Ash - Zanthoxylum americanum

Family: Citrus - Rutaceae
Interesting shrub that is a member of the Citrus family. Glossy foliage. host to the giant swallowtail butterfly.
Plant Life Type
Woody
Plant Height (feet)
10.0
Plant Width (feet)
5.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Part Sun
Water Requirement
Moist

Plant: Golden Alexanders - Zizia aurea

Family: Parsley - Apiaceae
A bountiful bloomer that is a favorite host plant of the black swallowtail butterfly. Instead of growing dill or parsley for the swallowtails, grow this perennial plant. Grows in part sun as well as in full sun.
Plant Life Type
Perennial
Plant Height (feet)
3.0
Plant Width (feet)
3.0
Flowering Time
Sun Requirement
Full Sun
Water Requirement
Moist